About LPG

LPG is sourced from Natural Gas or Crude Oil Refinery

What is LPG

The chemical composition of LPG is similar to that of natural gas. LPG offers the great benefit though, that the gas becomes liquid under low pressure and regular temperature. This characteristic enables great amounts of energy to be transported and stored in small tanks and cylinders.

Before 1950 LPG was burned because it was thought to be useless. Only starting then the various uses of LPG was discovered.

In general, LPG is a hydrocarbon gas which liquefies in closed containers (tanks, cylinders) at normal temperature and under low pressure. Usually LPG is either propane [C3H8] or butane [C4H10] or a mix of both. LPG itself is colorless and odorless. The typical gas smell comes from adding a chemical odorant, so humans are able to notice the presence of the gas.

Currently 20% of the Ghanaian LPG comes from TOR, 40% from FuelTrade and the remaining from the Ghana oil fields. LPG is used in various ways and covers all energy demands, no matter it being big or small: in your home or in your business.

Handling of LPG

  • Gas is stored in liquid form under pressure in a steel container, cylinder or tank

  • The pressure of the LPG in the container varies with the surrounding temperature.

  • Internal pressure is much higher than needed by and needs to be controlled by a regulator to ensure steady supply at constant pressure.

  • Sufficient space is left when filling up to allow for expansion.

  • It should always be treated with respect and kept away from children whenever possible.
  • Benefits of LPG

  • Clearner burning fuel

  • More convenient

  • More economical

  • More flexible

  • Save electricity consumption

  • Environmentally friendly

  • Versatile

  • Very high thermal energy

  • Lower fuel costs for vehicles

  • Efficient

  • Reduces Energy Poverty

  • Applications of LPG

  • Air conditioning

  • Automotive fuel

  • Aviation Fuel

  • Baking

  • Car washing

  • Cleaning

  • CO2 Production & Enrichment

  • Concrete curing and treatment

  • Cooking indoors and outdoors

  • Cremation service

  • Drying (crop, cereal, fruit and tobacco)

  • Emergency & Disaster Management

  • Engine Fuel

  • Expanded Polystyrene Foam (EPF) manufacturing

  • Fog dispersion

  • Fork Lift Trucks

  • Furnace & Machinery Heating

  • Heating

  • Igniting and thawing

  • Insect, bug, bird and rodent control

  • Irrigation

  • Laundry service

  • Lighting

  • Refrigerant (R290, R600, R600a, R1270)

  • Chemical feedstock

  • Marine transportation fuel

  • Melting moulding

  • Paint and concrete drying

  • Pest control

  • Power / Electricity Generation

  • Propellent

  • Roasting

  • Roofing

  • Sanitation

  • Soldering, welding, flame cutting

  • Sporting activities

  • Water Pumping & Bailing

  • Waste management

  • LPG in Ghana Today

  • According to estimates, Ghana has between 1.5 Tscf and 1.7 Tscf of gas reserves which include reserves which have not been discovered yet

  • Ghana currently has gas deposits of 200Bscf offshore the jubilee field which the country utilizes for fuel to generate electricity

  • The National Energy Policy strategies relevant facilitating access to LPG and expanding supply infrastructure

  • Most industrial companies who use heavy duty machinery have converted from diesel to LPG considering economic factors

  • Most general and commercial purpose vehicles have resorted to using LPG instead of diesel or petrol due to cost

  • Estimates show; automobile users consume about 58% of the annual LPG supply while households, commercial operators and industry together consume the remaining 42%

  • Versatile

  • With consistent increase in petrol/diesel prices, people are looking for an alternate fuel with less cost

  • The African Energy Mix Outlook, (Source: Ecobank Capital 2011)

    Safety

    1. For safety reasons when handling LPG please avoid the following:
  • Smoking or other sources of ignition in the working or danger area
  • Using LPG or fulfill setup tasks in locations where the regular gas smell is not noticeable due to other smells (e.g. in unventilated rooms)
  • Lightening up LPG sources while musty and moist smells prevail in the room
  • Putting LPG applications to work with the help of tools, when their handles or operating buttons are not working
  • Broken operating elements must be replaced before operation!
  • 2. Smell gas? What to do:

    If you detect or suspect an error with your LPG installation, you should call EXOGAS or another authorised company immediately. Repairs of LPG installations shall only be undertaken by trained personnel.

    Attention: please don't take any risk and try not to repair the installation on your own. Manipulations of the installation by untrained persons can lead to severe accidents!

    Following you find the most important rules of behavior when you smell gas or hear a fizzy sound of a gas leak:

    Step 1: Step away, put out or avoid

  • no open fires, avoid smoking
  • do not press or turn on any electric light switches or other electric appliances
  • do not light any matches or lighters
  • do not use telephones or cell phones
  • Any little spark can trigger ignition: The spark of a light switch, a phone, a fan, refrigerator engine, flame of a burner or lighter, unloading of static electricity when walking into a room etc.

    Step 2: Keep others away

    Immediately remove or keep away all people from the building, the vehicle, the caravan or the close by area

    Step 3: Shut off LPG

    Turn the hand wheel of the isolation valve of the cylinder to the right

    Step 4: Alerting and behavior in the danger zone

    To alert EXOGAS or emergency crews (fire brigade, police, ambulance) please use the phone of a neighbor

    Do not enter the building, the vehicle, the caravan or the endangered area before a trained person or the fire brigade has defined it as safe.

    Do not open the gas valve.

    Step 5: Tasks of the emergency crews

    Please only allow trained personnel and the fire brigade to check for gas leaks.

    The following tasks are to be fulfilled only by trained personnel:

    - define and repair leaks

    - check the pressure and impermeability of the system

    - turn on the gas

    - check all gas appliances and turn them back on

    Step 6: Before re-entering the danger zone

    Re-enter the room only, when trained personnel or the fire brigade has confirmed safety. Also, the ventilation of the room is absolutely necessary.


    3. Safety remarks for LPG cylinders

    Never store LPG cylinders below ground level, close to ground openings, basement windows or stairs leading down to a basement (LPG is heavier than air). Areas where LPG cylinders are stored have to be surrounded by a protection area. For these protection areas there are certain regulations to be followed. We shall offer support for dealing with authorities in the process of setting up cylinder storages.

    Environment

    LPG as alternative source of energy: an opportunity for our planet. The climate-related consequences of greenhouse gases are widely known. Hence our task will be to choose those energy sources, which contribute the least to global warming - LPG is one of them!

    What is Autogas

    LPG/CNG as fuel in automobiles is referred to as ‘autogas’

    Background

    Discovered in 1910

    - Dr. Walter O. Snelling

    First used as an engine fuel in 1913

    Autogas Handling

  • Autogas systems should be of high global quality
  • Autogas should be prioritize with strong safety measures covering both driver and vehicle
  • Autogas installations must not be compromised
  • Autogas installations should be performed by qualified and highly trained technicians
  • Autogas should be stored in liquid form under pressure in standardized storage tanks
  • Storage tanks should be well fitted at appropriate position in the vehicle
  • Autogas pressure in storage tanks varies with the surrounding temperature
  • Internal pressure is much higher thereby requiring well fitted control by storage tank systems to ensure steady supply at constant pressure.
  • Sufficient space is left when filling up to allow for expansion.
  • Autogas systems should be checked regularly to prevent leakages and possible explosions.
  • Autogas Benefits

  • Fuel Costs
  • - reduced by 30 to 40%

    - Positive ROI with or without government incentives

  • Performance
  • - Same horsepower, torque, towing capacity

    - No impact to payload / storage space

  • Service
  • - Same warranty coverage

    - Same diagnostic equipment

  • Refueling
  • - Third most-commonly available (behind petrol & diesel)

    - Lower cost infrastructure than any other fuel

  • Emissions
  • - 88% reduction in GreenHouseGases

    - 60% reduction in NOX

  • Low maintenance cost
  • - Mixes better with air than petrol

    - Far less wear on engine and certain components

    - Absence of acids and carbon deposits

    LPG AUTOGAS AROUND THE WORLD

  • Most widely used alternative fuel in the world today
  • - Over 27million vehicles powered by LPG autogas

    - Consumption is up 70% since 2000

  • High concentration in certain countries
  • - Korea, Russia, Turkey, Poland, and Italy account for 60% of global consumption

  • Number of vehicles on the road (autogas)
  • - Turkey = 2.4 million vehicles

    - Poland = 2.3 million vehicles

    - Korea = 2.3 million vehicles

    - Italy = 1.7 million vehicles

    - Russia = 1.3 million vehicles

  • Australia
  • - Every third vehicle off Ford’s assembly line is LPG autogas powered

  • Turkey
  • - More LPG autogas sold last year than gasoline+diesel combined