LPG is sourced from Natural Gas or Crude Oil Refinery
What is LPG
The chemical composition of LPG is similar to that of natural gas. LPG offers the great benefit though, that the gas becomes liquid under low pressure and regular temperature. This characteristic enables great amounts of energy to be transported and stored in small tanks and cylinders.
Before 1950 LPG was burned because it was thought to be useless. Only starting then the various uses of LPG was discovered.
In general, LPG is a hydrocarbon gas which liquefies in closed containers (tanks, cylinders) at normal temperature and under low pressure. Usually LPG is either propane [C3H8] or butane [C4H10] or a mix of both. LPG itself is colorless and odorless. The typical gas smell comes from adding a chemical odorant, so humans are able to notice the presence of the gas.
Currently 20% of the Ghanaian LPG comes from TOR, 40% from FuelTrade and the remaining from the Ghana oil fields. LPG is used in various ways and covers all energy demands, no matter it being big or small: in your home or in your business.
Handling of LPG
Benefits of LPG
Applications of LPG
LPG in Ghana Today
The African Energy Mix Outlook, (Source: Ecobank Capital 2011)
1. For safety reasons when handling LPG please avoid the following:
2. Smell gas? What to do:
If you detect or suspect an error with your LPG installation, you should call EXOGAS or another authorised company immediately. Repairs of LPG installations shall only be undertaken by trained personnel.
Attention: please don't take any risk and try not to repair the installation on your own. Manipulations of the installation by untrained persons can lead to severe accidents!
Following you find the most important rules of behavior when you smell gas or hear a fizzy sound of a gas leak:
Step 1: Step away, put out or avoid
Any little spark can trigger ignition: The spark of a light switch, a phone, a fan, refrigerator engine, flame of a burner or lighter, unloading of static electricity when walking into a room etc.
Step 2: Keep others away
Immediately remove or keep away all people from the building, the vehicle, the caravan or the close by area
Step 3: Shut off LPG
Turn the hand wheel of the isolation valve of the cylinder to the right
Step 4: Alerting and behavior in the danger zone
To alert EXOGAS or emergency crews (fire brigade, police, ambulance) please use the phone of a neighbor
Do not enter the building, the vehicle, the caravan or the endangered area before a trained person or the fire brigade has defined it as safe.
Do not open the gas valve.
Step 5: Tasks of the emergency crews
Please only allow trained personnel and the fire brigade to check for gas leaks.
The following tasks are to be fulfilled only by trained personnel:
- define and repair leaks
- check the pressure and impermeability of the system
- turn on the gas
- check all gas appliances and turn them back on
Step 6: Before re-entering the danger zone
Re-enter the room only, when trained personnel or the fire brigade has confirmed safety. Also, the ventilation of the room is absolutely necessary.
3. Safety remarks for LPG cylinders
Never store LPG cylinders below ground level, close to ground openings, basement windows or stairs leading down to a basement (LPG is heavier than air). Areas where LPG cylinders are stored have to be surrounded by a protection area. For these protection areas there are certain regulations to be followed. We shall offer support for dealing with authorities in the process of setting up cylinder storages.
LPG as alternative source of energy: an opportunity for our planet. The climate-related consequences of greenhouse gases are widely known. Hence our task will be to choose those energy sources, which contribute the least to global warming - LPG is one of them!
What is Autogas
LPG/CNG as fuel in automobiles is referred to as ‘autogas’
Discovered in 1910
- Dr. Walter O. Snelling
First used as an engine fuel in 1913
- reduced by 30 to 40%
- Positive ROI with or without government incentives
- Same horsepower, torque, towing capacity
- No impact to payload / storage space
- Same warranty coverage
- Same diagnostic equipment
- Third most-commonly available (behind petrol & diesel)
- Lower cost infrastructure than any other fuel
- 88% reduction in GreenHouseGases
- 60% reduction in NOX
- Mixes better with air than petrol
- Far less wear on engine and certain components
- Absence of acids and carbon deposits
LPG AUTOGAS AROUND THE WORLD
- Over 27million vehicles powered by LPG autogas
- Consumption is up 70% since 2000
- Korea, Russia, Turkey, Poland, and Italy account for 60% of global consumption
- Turkey = 2.4 million vehicles
- Poland = 2.3 million vehicles
- Korea = 2.3 million vehicles
- Italy = 1.7 million vehicles
- Russia = 1.3 million vehicles
- Every third vehicle off Ford’s assembly line is LPG autogas powered
- More LPG autogas sold last year than gasoline+diesel combined